The divergence of the human genealogy of the chimpanzee genealogy happened about seven million years ago, according to the estimates of the geneticists and the scarce evidence of the fossil record. Since then, we have modified our ontogenetic development to adapt to the new conditions of the environment. Consequently, our physical appearance has changed and we have distinguished ourselves from the genealogy of chimpanzees. In addition, we have added a fundamental factor to our ecological niche: culture. Despite this, we continue to share approximately 99 percent of our genome with chimpanzees and many of our cognitive abilities remain very similar. Certain genetic mutations, but above all quantitative changes in certain regions of the brain are responsible for our "human" mind.
This series of colloquia sees the light driven by the shared interest of several Institutes of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) that want to bring to society the latest scientific advances and the vision of the world arising from them.
The ultimate goal is transmitting the message that science is a public good that must be made approachable to all citizens. An effective way to send this message is through the dissemination of knowledge that combines rigor with accessibility. With this spirit, this series wants to gather internationally renowned personalities from a variety of research fields and from the world of culture, so that they share their experience with the general audience.